He said that instances like this can cause property tax, to go up. According to Anthony, "If the IRS finds that he in fact is abusing the tax code with regard to those two issues they could conceivably revoke his ability to give tax receipts for donations - he could lose his tax exempt status. Ministry of Cheerfulness. Tulsa, Oklahoma : Harrison House. ISBN Heaven: Close Encounters of the God Kind. Tulsa, Oklahoma: Harrison House. Jambalaya for the Soul. ISBN X. The medium can store any kind of digital data and is used for software and other computer files as well as video programs watched using DVD players.
DVDs offer higher storage capacity than compact discs. Rewritable DVDs can be erased many times. DVDs containing other types of information may be referred to as DVD data discs; the Oxford English Dictionary comments that, "In rival manufacturers of the product named digital video disc agreed that, in order to emphasize the flexibility of the format for multimedia applications, the preferred abbreviation DVD would be understood to denote digital versatile disc.
There were several formats developed for recording video on optical discs before the DVD. Optical recording technology was invented by David Paul Gregg and James Russell in and first patented in A consumer optical disc data format known as LaserDisc was developed in the United States , first came to market in Atlanta, Georgia in , it used much larger discs than the formats. Due to the high cost of players and discs, consumer adoption of LaserDisc was low in both North America and Europe , was not used anywhere outside Japan and the more affluent areas of Southeast Asia , such as Hong-Kong , Singapore and Taiwan.
CD Video released in used analog video encoding on optical discs matching the established standard mm size of audio CDs. Video CD became one of the first formats for distributing digitally encoded films in this format, in In the same year, two new optical disc storage formats were being developed.
Representatives from the SD camp asked IBM for advice on the file system to use for their disc, sought support for their format for storing computer data. Alan E. Wary of being caught in a repeat of the costly videotape format war between VHS and Betamax in the s, he convened a group of computer industry experts, including representatives from Apple, Sun Microsystems and many others. On August 14, , an ad hoc group formed from five computer companies issued a press release stating that they would only accept a single format; the TWG voted to boycott both formats unless the two camps agreed on a converged standard.
They recruited president of IBM, to pressure the executives of the warring factions. In one significant compromise, the MMCD and SD groups agreed to adopt proposal SD 9, which specified that both layers of the dual-layered disc be read from the same side—instead of proposal SD 10, which would have created a two-sided disc that users would have to turn over; as a result, the DVD specification provided a storage capacity of 4. Philips and Sony decided that it was in their best interests to end the format war, agreed to unify with companies backing the Super Density Disc to release a single format, with technologies from both.
Movie and home entertainment distributors adopted the DVD format to replace the ubiquitous VHS tape as the primary consumer digital video distribution format, they embraced DVD as it produced higher quality video and sound, provided superior data lifespan, could be interactive. Construction of the dam that formed the reservoir began on January 23, and was completed on October 24, Water impoundment began on February 28, In , the Tarrant Regional Water District voters approved a bond issue to allow the District to install improved controlled spillways; the new spillway was completed July 31, On May 24, , an F0 tornado formed over Eagle Mountain Lake, causing damage along west of Boat Club Road downing some trees and damaging mobile homes.
Eagle Mountain Lake is used for boating and water sports such as wake boarding, water skiing, kayaking. The reservoir area has picnic areas, walking trails and restaurants. Intertitle In films, an intertitle is a piece of filmed, printed text edited into the midst of the photographed action at various points. In modern usage, the terms refer to similar text and logo material inserted at or near the start of films and television shows.
Paul as the first British film to use intertitles. Film scholar Kamilla Elliott identifies another early use of intertitles in the British film Scrooge, or, Marley's Ghost ; the first Academy Awards presentation in included an award for " Best Title Writing " that went to Joseph W. Farnham for no specific film. The award was never given again, as intertitles went out of common use due to the introduction of " talkies ".
In modern use, intertitles are used to supply an epigraph , such as a poem, or to distinguish various "acts" of a film or multimedia production by use as a title card. However, they are most used as part of a historical drama's epilogue to explain what happened to the depicted characters and events after the conclusion of the story proper; the development of the soundtrack eliminated their utility as a narrative device, but they are still used as an artistic device.
For instance, intertitles were used as a gimmick in Frasier ; the BBC's drama Threads uses them to give location and information on distant events beyond Sheffield. Guy Maddin is a modern filmmaker known for recreating the style of older films, uses intertitles appropriately; some locally produced shows, such as quiz bowl game shows, use animated variations of intertitles to introduce the next round. Intertitles have had a long history in the area of amateur film as well. The efforts of home movie aficionados to intertitle their works post-production have led to the development of a number of innovative approaches to the challenge.
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Lacking access to high quality film dubbing and splicing equipment, amateur film makers must plan ahead when making a film to allow space for filming an intertitle over the existing film. Intertitles may be printed neatly on a piece of paper, a card, or a piece of cardboard and filmed, or they may be formed from adhesive strips and affixed to glass.
In the early s, digital recording technology improved to the point where intertitles could be created in born-digital format and recorded directly onto the film. Early s video game consoles and applications catering to the demo scene were adapted for the generation and recording of intertitles for home films. Summer camp A summer camp or sleepaway camp is a supervised program for children or teenagers conducted during the summer months in some countries.
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Children and adolescents who attend summer camp are known as campers. Summer school is a required academic curriculum for a student to make up work not accomplished during the academic year, whereas summer camps can include academic work, but is not a requirement for graduation; the traditional view of a summer camp as a woody place with hiking and campfires is changing, with greater acceptance of newer types of summer camps that offer a wide variety of specialized activities. For example, there are camps for the performing arts, magic, computer programming, language learning, children with special needs, weight loss.
In , the American Camp Association reported; this is to counter a trend in decreasing enrollment in summer camps, which some argue to have been brought about by smaller family sizes and the growth in supplemental educational programs. There are religiously affiliated summer camps, such as those run by Christian groups and various denominations of Judaism. The primary purpose of many camps is educational, athletic, or cultural development. A summer camp environment may allow children to learn new skills in a safe and nurturing environment.
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Summer camp experience can have lasting psychological impact on the development of a child. In most camps, the young adult or teenage supervisors are called counselors or "cabin leaders". In many camps, counselors are assigned to small groups of campers, called "bunks", "huts", "cabins", or "units", who participate in activities as a group, such as campfires, canoeing , nature lore and crafts. Counselors share living accommodations with their group.
In the United States counselors for residential camps are drawn from older teens and college-aged adults because of the temporary and low-paying aspects of the work. International staff are hired alongside their American counterparts through agencies who vet the staff beforehand. Overall camp supervision is done by older camp directors, who lead a team that includes cooks, sports instructors, a nurse, maintenance personnel and counselors.
The director and the maintenance personnel have a longer-term affiliation with the summer camp. Professional camp staff organize preparation of facilities and supplies for the camp season and supervise the maintenance of the camp during the off-season. Camp directors conduct the hiring of seasonal counselors and support staff during job fairs held on campuses or on online job boards.
At some camps, all campers eat all their meals in a cafeteria. At some camps known as day camps, the campers go home each night; some other camps allow overnight campers. In the USA, residential camps that have overnight facilities are sometimes called "sleepaway camps". Summer camp is the first time that children spend an extended period of time away from home; the practice of running residential holidays for children away from their own home seems to have originated in Appenzell in the Alps in , when Pastor Bion set up holiday camps in which children made tree-houses, sang songs, did drama, made kites and had adventure games.
The American camps developed from a different cultural root.
In the United States there are numerous models of camp with an educational focus that cater to students with differing ages and academic interest; some camps offer students the opportunity to explore a pre-college experience. Students entering grades 10 through 12 stay in the college dormitories and attend summer classes run by college faculty.
At the successful completion of a summer program, course credits are awarded, which in turn are accepted by most tertiary institutions. Colleges in the United States and Canada offer these programs, as it serves as an introduction to students to entice them to attend the college as full-time students based upon a memorable summer experience; some camps, such as CTY and Duke TIP, are focused on education or on educational-related activities, such as debate, history, or journalism.
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These camps are run by colleges or universities, are for children in junior or senior high school. Instruction in debate and speech is available for middle school students and incoming high school students all over the country. Educational summer camps are different from summer schools as the summer camps are not offered for school credit, have a significant focus on non-academic activities.
Students for these programs are invited or recruited. These provide high school students with the opportunity to study an academic topics on a summer adventure travel program in the wilderness or a foreign country.
Many include community service as a component of the course. Others offer college credit with the successful completion of the program. Various camp programs offer preparation for the SAT Reasoning Test as part of a mixture of academic learning with summer fun. The SAT preparation is offered as a full morning immersion while the afternoons and evenings are geared towards homework and recreational activitie.
Kenneth Copeland Kenneth Max Copeland is an American televangelist , public speaker, musician associated with the Charismatic Movement. He has been identified as preaching a prosperity and abundance message referred to as the prosperity gospel , criticized by ministers from various denominations, his Tarrant County , Texas-based Kenneth Copeland Ministries advocates daily application of the "Word of God" from the Bible.
Copeland became the parents of Terri Copeland Pearsons.
Gloria and the Copeland children work for KCM. Prior to his conversion to Christianity in November , Copeland was a recording artist on the Imperial Records label, having one Billboard Top 40 hit. Following his conversion, Copeland devoted his life to the ministry work. In the fall of , he enrolled in Oral Roberts University , where he soon became pilot and chauffeur to Oral Roberts.
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For decades, Copeland's ministry has held three-to-six-day conventions across the United States; the number of longer set conventions has waned in recent years, although KCM still holds an annual Believer's Convention in his hometown of Fort Worth , during the week of July 4. Kenneth and Gloria Copeland, along with ministry friends including some family members preach at other conventions and conferences throughout the world; these events stream live on Copeland's website, kcm. Portions of recorded conferences are shown Sundays; the Monday through Friday television broadcasts feature a Copeland family member, either alone or with another minister, discussing subjects from The Holy Bible.
Most of these episodes are available on BVOV. The site includes the Eagle Mountain International Church and radio production facilities and distribution facilities, residences for the Copeland family, Kenneth Copeland Airport. John Copeland is the ministry's chief operating officer. KCM owns a Cessna Citation Bravo , which it received from a donor in October and is used for domestic flights, a Cessna Citation X , which it uses for international flights, it is restoring a Beech H Twin, which the ministry plans to use for disaster relief efforts.
In February , Copeland was accused of using his ministry's Citation X for personal vacations and friends.
The Copelands' financial records are not publicly available, a list of the board of directors is not accessible as these details are protected but known confidentially by the Internal Revenue Service. Responding to media questions, Copeland pointed to what he asserted was an accounting firm's declaration that all jet travel complies with federal tax laws.
In December , KCM's Citation Bravo was denied tax exemption after KCM refused to submit a standardized Texas Comptroller form that some county appraisal districts use to make determinations, which would have required making public the salary of all ministry staff. KCM subsequently filed suit with the Tarrant Appraisal District in January and its petition to have the aircraft's tax-exempt status restored was granted in March Kenneth Copeland Ministries has taken advantage of a Federal Aviation Administration program that keeps flights private from tracking websites, the ministry owns five such aircraft whose flights are kept private, including the Cessna Citation X note above and a North American T Trojan.
United States Senator Chuck Grassley has questioned some of the flights taken by these aircraft, including layovers in Maui and Honolulu.
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