Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition)


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Article excerpt

During the postwar period, phenomenologists, especially in France, revisited psychoanalytic topics. Thus, in the so-called second generation of phenomenology there developed an intensive reception of the psychoanalytic tradition, one that finds its expression even today in current hermeneutic, postmodern and poststructuralist conceptions. But also in more recent phenomenological research we find projects concentrated systematically on psychoanalysis and its theses.

In such approaches, phenomena like incorporation, phantasy, emotion and the unconscious are discussed afresh.

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These topics, important for modern phenomenology as well as for psychoanalysis, are examined in the context of the constitution of the human person as well as of our intersubjective world. The analyses are also interdisciplinary, making use of connections with modern medicine, psychiatry and psychotherapy. The systematic investigations are enriched by historical analysis and research in the internal development of the disciplines involved.

The volume presents recent work of internationally recognized researchers — phenomenologically oriented philosophers, psychoanalysts and psychotherapists — who work in the common field of the two disciplines. The editors hope that this selection will encourage further systematic collaboration between phenomenology and psychoanalysis.

Also, factors suggested to predict stronger emotional reactions are discussed, for instance personal family status, type of tasks on the scene, and previous exposure to crisis-related work. It is known that a strong professional identity can be helpful when journalists report from challenging work situations such as disasters.

This is also confirmed in a recent survey among Swedish and Norwegian journalists from press, radio and television that covered the earthquake in Haiti in Working professionally with a different mission rather than helping, puts the role conflict to the edge between working as journalist and that of also being a human eyewitness. When studying journalists in their role covering disasters, not only do we learn about them, but also about their interactions and possible interventions with the victims, while interviewing and photographing.

This study combined theoretical perspectives from the field of media and journalism research with that of psychotraumatology. About 35 reporters and photographers from the two Scandinavian countries participated in the study. Preliminary results show that a significant number experienced increased positive activation, while only a few displayed more severe stress responses.

The presentation will summarize main findings of the study, e. Journalists are frequently exposed to high rates of traumatic events and are at risk for development of PTSD. While rates of trauma exposure and PTSD are documented, occupational outcomes and predictors of occupational dysfunction have not been examined.

However, EI has never been examined in a journalist sample. In other samples EI has been found to negatively correlate with numerous psychological disorders and positively correlate with occupational success. This presentation will present data from a survey of American journalists. Hierarchical regression analyses will be used to determine if emotional intelligence predicts PTSD and occupational functioning after controlling for demographic factors and trauma exposure.

Frauen – die längste Revolution: Feminismus, Literatur, Psychoanalyse

Data for this project will be collected throughout the spring. This presentation aims to provide an introduction to selected instruments suited for measurement of exposure to potentially traumatic events in adulthood that may successfully be employed in epidemiologic research. The instruments have different scopes of interest and target groups. All have qualities that make them suitable for exposure measurement in an epidemiologic study of traumatic stress, although they differ in main focus, target groups, and suitability for interview versus self report.

In this presentation, these instruments will be reviewed based on main focus, number of items, reliability, face and construct validity, and cross-cultural usage. Strengths and limitations of each instrument will be discussed. Childhood neglect, physical-, sexual-, and emotional abuse of children and exposure to parental partner violence are all well-established risk factors of ill-health outcomes. Hence, modern societies emphasize surveillance of these experiences to ensure childhood safety and reduce the risk of adverse health.

Surveys of the general population are important data sources for measuring prevalence rates of these risk factors.

Phenomenological Theory of Subjectivity and the Psychoanalytic Experience

These large scale epidemiology studies provide such screening opportunities, but often are brief measures required due to cost considerations. This presentation will review well known measures of childhood adverse experiences and discuss validity and reliability of these measures applied in a brief format custom to large scale epidemiological studies. Discussions of these issues in professional networks and meetings may result in a higher level of consensus for use of such measures in up-coming studies. Comparable prevalences across countries in Europe will provide more reliable knowledge and understanding of the scope of childhood abuse and neglect.

In this session, we will briefly review some of the most commonly used PTSD measures in traumatic stress research. We will present validity, reliability, completion time, and acceptance for these instruments. The most commonly used self-report questionnaires for post-traumatic stress reactions, and their abbreviated scales, will be reviewed according to number of items, response format, cutoff strategies, reliability and validity. In this session, a number of psychological factors that candidate as intervening variables will be reviewed.

Most epidemiological trauma studies are descriptive. For a better understanding of outcome variations, we think it is important to include a number of psychological factors that can explain some of the variation in outcome measures. Social support and several personality factors attachment, negative affectivity, self esteem, self-efficacy, and locus of control together with emotional coping are factors that have been proven to be good predictors in a number of studies.

Methods that can measure these factors in an economical way will be presented and discussed.


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This symposium addresses the psychosocial sequellae of mass traumatization. It is argued how and why the consequences of mass violence may be viewed from an ecological rather than from a trauma perspective. Such an approach is illustrated by the successful implementation of a community based psychosocial intervention program in northern Rwanda, which enables participation of over genocide survivors per year, and proves to significantly impact on mental health. A study amongst survivors of a large flood in northern England analyzed the association between social capital and PTSD, and identified the role of community mechanisms in impacting this relation.

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Post-emergency mental health interventions are mostly addressed at persons at risk for a psychiatric disorder, particularly post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. However, the value of such individually focused care is debatable. Large scale violence affects individuals as well as communities and social institutions, and mental health interventions should not only focus on internal psychological factors but also address aspects of the social environment.

When using an ecological perspective, psychosocial support programs should be embedded in durable programmatic strategies which pay attention to other areas, as defined by the struck community, for instance human rights issues, economic recovery, and rebuilding of infrastructure for health, education and other sectors.

This requires collaboration with other organisations who are equipped in these areas.


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Additionally, psychosocial interventions may primarily focus on stressful environmental conditions such as the destruction of social networks, and aim at the restoration of social connectedness and mutual support. An example is formed by a successful community based sociotherapy program in northern Rwanda that over the course of five years now has included thousands of participants.

From to , northern Rwanda was terrorized by war and a subsequent genocide.


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Its population still suffers from the sequelae of collective traumatization. A psychosocial group intervention called sociotherapy was implemented at population level without diagnostic criteria for participation. The intervention program enables participation of over individuals per year. Using a longitudinal quasi-experimental study design, we evaluated the program's effect on mental health, social functioning and social capital. We chose not to use instruments for establishing the existence of specific psychiatric disorders, as it is questionable whether these constructs are suited to reflect the mental health condition of non-western populations in post-confict settings.

Melanie Klein (1928) Frühstadien des Ödipuskonfliktes und der Über-Ich-Bildung

We assessed mental health by use of the Self Reporting Questionnaire. Social functioning was assessed in two ways, using a locally designed instrument and four scales of the SF, respectively. We chose this particular instrument because of its limited length, the presumed relevance of the various items for the context in question, and because it has been extensively validated in two resource-poor settings. We found a significant improvement in mental health of participants of sociotherapy, compared to controls. We will present outcome data and a model showing how mental health, social functioning and social capital are related.

Wind Tim R. The salutary association between the social context and mental health is becoming increasingly established in disaster research. The next step forward is to reveal mechanisms through which the social context is associated with disaster mental health. The aim of our study is to empirically model individual and community mechanisms through which social capital is related to PTSD in a post-disaster setting.

In a flood-affected town in northern England, we conducted a cross-sectional study with a multilevel design respondents within 59 postcode units. On the individual level, the results showed an association between the disaster experience and PTSD that was mediated by the appraisal of the disaster, coping effort and social support.

Multilevel structural equation analyses further revealed that the social context was not directly related to PTSD. Rather, structural social capital showed salutary cross-level relationships with the appraisal of the disaster, coping effort, and social support. These associations between structural social capital and individual variables were further mediated by cognitive social capital and collective efficacy.

We conclude that social capital may compensate for limited individual resources to deal with the aftermath of the disaster and as a result social capital may indirectly mitigate post-disaster PTSD.

Melanie Schneider, Used

The question is thus whether evidence based interventions are applicable and effective among affected migrants and refugees. In this presentation intercultural competencies key notions are knowledge, attitude and skills as well as specific culture sensitive interventions e. Post traumatic symptoms may differ extensively between western and non-western groups with somatic complaints, hostility, and embitterment being more prominently articulated among migrants and refugee groups. A substantial part of trauma affected migrants needs extra psycho-social assistance apart from the normal support they receive: so called psychosocial aid.

Specially trained co-workers or managers, victims support workers sometimes feel insecure about affected immigrant workers or clients when providing first psychosocial assistance or peer-support. They do not know if the psychosocial aid they give is useful for these groups. Are the methods and models they use comparatively effective to affected immigrants? Based on current literature e. In psychosocial aid the needs of the victim are always the starting point regardless of ethnicity.

However, knowledge of these themes can be very helpful to understand and support an affected colleague, employee or client and raise awareness of the own background.

OBJEKTE BEI MELANIE KLEIN PDF Original - Free E-Book Download

A significant number of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers with acute reactions or established PTSD can be expected to recover within a relatively short time Bryant, ; Rothbaum et al. The general practitioner and other members of the primary trauma care mental health team should facilitate the individual's access to care services.

As in ethnic majority victims brief psycho-education, support and advice in the context of their presentation, followed by watchful waiting may be most appropriate for ethnic minority victims, focusing on brief interventions for specific PTSD symptoms O'Donnell et al. In such circumstances strategies such as advice on sleep hygiene, advice to rely on or activation of the support from their families and others available including, where appropriate, support groups and possibly pharmacological interventions should be considered.

Depending on the waiting time for psychological or other specialist interventions, the general practitioner may also consider regular reviewing of individual patients. In case of ethnic minority and immigrant victims this is of utmost importance, while drop-out is imminent. Follow-up contacts should be arranged. In case of ethnic minorities, the primary care giver is of utmost importance as the gate keeper for the sometimes complicated health system in The Netherlands Drogendijk et al. This presentation will give the specific aspects of above strategies and interventions for the primary care of ethnic minority immigrant victims.

In ethnic minorities and refugees it is important to use this instrument in order to enhance diagnostic validity, communication and compliance. Method : A review of English and Dutch literature concerning qualitative and quantitative research of the use of the CFD in clinical practice, with special regard to the use of the CFD in refugees.

Results : research studies and 28 case histories have been found.

Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition) Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition)
Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition) Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition)
Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition) Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition)
Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition) Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition)
Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition) Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition)
Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition) Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition)
Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition) Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition)
Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition) Innere Objekte bei Melanie Klein (German Edition)

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