In Bhopal , typically, a pinch of salt is added. Other possible ingredients include nutmeg , mace , black cardamom , chilli , coriander , rose flavouring where rose petals are boiled along with the loose-leaf tea , or liquorice root. A small amount of cumin is also preferred by some people. Traditionally in India , water buffalo milk is used to make chai.
Generally, masala chai is made by mixing one part milk with two to four parts water and heating the liquid to near boiling or even full boiling. Some people like to use sweetened condensed milk in their masala chai to double as the sweetener. For those who prefer to drink chai without milk, the portion is replaced with water.
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Plain white sugar , Demerara sugar , other brown sugars , palm or coconut sugars, syrup , or honey is used. Jaggery is also used as a sweetener, mostly in rural parts of India. While some prefer unsweetened chai , some sugar enhances the flavour of the spices. Sugar is typically added to suit the drinker. The simplest traditional method of preparing masala chai is through decoction , by actively simmering or boiling a mixture of milk and water with loose-leaf tea, sweeteners, and whole spices.
The solid tea and spice residues are strained off from masala chai before serving. The method may vary according to taste or local custom; for example, some households may combine all of the ingredients at the start, bring the mixture to a boil, then immediately strain and serve; others may leave the mixture simmering for a longer time, or begin by bringing the tea leaves to a boil and only add the spices toward the end or vice versa. A common Maharashtrian practice for preparation of one cup of chai is to first combine one half cup of water with one-half cup of milk in a pot over heat.
Sugar may be added at this point or after. Ginger is then grated into the mixture followed by adding a "tea masala".
Although the ingredients may vary from region to region, "tea masala" typically consists of crushed ginger, crushed cardamom, peppercorns, cloves, and cinnamon . The mixture is brought to a boil and 1 teaspoon of loose black tea  is added. The chai is immediately taken off the heat, covered, and allowed to sit for about 10 minutes to allow the black tea to infuse into the chai. The chai is then strained and served.
Small, roadside businesses called chai walla , make and deliver tea to people's places of business in a chaidaan , a wooden or metal frame carrier for cups. Masala tea is a beverage that is consumed heavily across South Asian households.
While most people like to consume it in the morning along with breakfast, it is also offered to any guests that visit. With the demand increasing many startups in India have taken tea stalls as a good business opportunity. There are now numerous larger food chains serving "Masala Chai" along with light snacks and are flourishing within office and college campus premises.
As the popularity of masala chai has spread around the world, its nature has changed in various ways beyond the somewhat redundant terminology noted above. Masala chai is popular in East Africa , particularly on the coast.
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Liquid "chai concentrates" have become very popular for their convenience, as these spiced, sweetened, tea-based syrups merely require dilution with milk, water, or both to create a flavourful hot or cold beverage. Most American coffeehouse chains use commercial liquid concentrates instead of brewing their own chai from scratch.
Dry powdered or granular mixes similar to instant coffee are also commercially available.
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Chatillon Chai is a tea concentrate blend originating from the Basque region in the 18th century. Both dry instant mixes and liquid concentrates can be replicated at home. A liquid concentrate can be made by brewing an unusually concentrated pot of highly spiced tea, so that the dilution of a small amount into a cup of hot water or a glass of cold milk results in roughly the same concentration of tea as in a normally proportioned brew; e. Similarly, unsweetened iced-tea powder can be tailored to individual taste with powdered spices, sugar, and if desired for convenience and texture dry nonfat milk and dry non-dairy creamer ; the result can be mixed with hot water to produce a form of instant chai masala.
Many Western supermarkets offer teabags of chai which contain an assortment of ground chai spices and require steeping in hot water. Some American supermarkets also carry bottles of "chai spice" alongside their dried herbs and other spices. Unlike Indian spice mixtures, the American ones are generally made from powdered spices cassia tends to be the dominant flavour and sometimes sugar; this mixture can be added last minute to an already-brewed cup of tea as straining off the solids is not needed. As an alternative to the hot tea format, several types of cold " chai " beverages have become popular in the United States.
These range in complexity from a simple spiced iced tea without milk to a slush of spiced tea, ice, and milk or nondairy creamer mixed in a blender and topped with whipped cream. Many Western commercial preparations use nontraditional ingredients such as vanilla or chocolate , relegating the traditional masala spices to a relatively minor role. Non-tea-based variants may be prepared with herbal teas or with the South American beverage yerba mate. Some coffeehouses in the United States offer a version of masala chai augmented with espresso, but this beverage does not have any one universally recognised name.
It was invented accidentally in Covent Garden, England, by a nice lady making a chai latte for an American in the late s. She poured in a shot of espresso by mistake, and he decided to try it rather than get her to make another. The American thought it delicious and for years he ordered it wherever he traveled. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Masala chai Masala chai served with biscuits. Main article: Etymology of tea. See also: Indian tea culture and Pakistani tea culture. Main article: milk. Main article: Sweetener.
India portal Drink portal. Retrieved 5 September Chai: the Spice Tea of India. Pownal, Vermont: Storey, Caffeine, the most popular stimulant. New York: Chelsea House Publishers. New York: Oxford University Press. However, in the Western world, the word chai has become synonymous with a type of fragrant, spicy Indian tea more accurately referred to as masala chai.
Depending on where you come from, you may recognize it as masala chai. Chai tea is made from a combination of black tea, ginger and other spices. The most popular spices include cardamom, cinnamon, fennel, black pepper and cloves, although star anise, coriander seeds and peppercorns are other well-liked options. Unlike regular tea, which is brewed with water, chai tea is traditionally brewed using both warm water and warm milk. It also tends to be sweetened to varying degrees. Chai lattes are another popular way to consume the tea.
People make these by adding a shot of chai tea concentrate to steamed milk, which produces a beverage containing more milk than you would find in a typical cup of chai tea.
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Animal studies have shown that cinnamon, one of the main ingredients in chai tea, may lower blood pressure 1 , 2. However, a recent review reported that doses of as little as mg per day may be sufficient to offer these heart-healthy effects 2. Several studies also suggest that the black tea used to make chai tea may contribute to lower blood cholesterol levels 4 , 5. Most research has observed that drinking four or more cups of black tea per day may slightly reduce blood pressure levels.
However, not all studies are unanimous, and none have investigated the direct effect of chai tea on heart health. Thus, more research is needed before strong conclusions can be made 8. Lower insulin resistance makes it easier for your body to use insulin to escort sugar out of your blood and into your cells.
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